The Central African Republic (CAR), or Centrafrique is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the southeast, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest and Cameroon to the west. The CAR covers a land area of about 620,000 square kilometres (240,000 sq mi) and had an estimated population of around 4.7 million as of 2018. As of 2020, the CAR is the scene of a civil war, ongoing since 2012. Despite its significant mineral deposits and other resources, as well as significant quantities of arable land, the Central African Republic is among the ten poorest countries in the world. As of 2019, the country had the second lowest level of human development. It is also estimated to be the unhealthiest country as well as the worst country in which to be young.